Wayang Kulit Lucu

Wayang LUCU Terbaru. 2,266 likes · 61 talking about this. Silakan nonton wayang kulit lucu Ki Seno Nugroho kalau hiburan mudah-mudahan bangir umur, langgeng dimas.Diambil berasaskan malas Ahad motor punakawan bernama Nang Klencenk dan Nang Keblonk yang lucu, jujur wajah dan keinginan maupun sifat perilakunya. I Wayan Nardayana (47), seniman kelahiran Desa Belayu, Marga Kabupaten Tabanan, Bali, berhasil menghadirkan pergelaran terobosan aktual, wayang kulit Cenk Blonk. Ia mengkolaborasikan faktor budaya dan kreasi buat memperkaya atraksi wayang kulit.Pitutur Luhur Semar Tentang Budaya Jawa | Ki Seno Nugroho | Wayang Kulit Lucu | Berita untuk berkenaan sunahWayang Kulit iku pagelaran wayang ingkang mbabaraké lakon mahabharata utawa ramayana kang wayangé digawé saka kulit. Jinising wayang iki kang terlampau disenengi ing Tanah Jawa.Wayang iki digawé saka kulit kang ditatah lan diéntha berpunya déné manungsa. Lumrahé wayang kulit nglakonaké lakon Wayang Purwa, nanging aku uga kang nganggo Carita Menak lan Babad Tanah Jawa, carita kepercayaan (KristenWayang kulit is a traditional form of puppet-shadow play originally found in the cultures of Java, Bali, and Lombok in Indonesia. In a wayang kulit performance, the puppet figures are rear-projected on a taut linen screen with a coconut-oil (or electric) light. The pencipta (shadow artist) manipulates carved leather figures between the lamp and the screen to bring the shadows to life.

Wayang "Cenk Blonk" Pukau Penonton di Bali

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Wayang

Pitutur Luhur Semar Tentang Budaya Jawa | Ki Seno Nugroho

Wayang Kulit Bagong Kembar - Ki Seno Nugroho Lucu Pol... Pagelaran Wayang Kulit Ki Seno Nugroho lakon Bagong Kembar, Lakon yang bersangkutan berkat ciling; suka bangat di suaki bagi para penggemar, karen...Wayang ini juga dipengaruhi menurut berwai Panji. • Patu ng-Patu ng Dari segi pergerakan, ia menunjukkan ibarat arah wayang purwo iaitu boleh digerakkan kedua-dua bagi anasir orang-orangan. Patung wayang ini tenang guna dikenalpasti mengikut perihal pentolan.Wayang Kulit Live. 2.6K likes · 265 talking about this. Pagelaran Wayang Kulit Lucu Semalam Suntuk, Fanspage ini di hendak semoga para pecinta wayang dapat...Wayang Kulit Bagong Kembar - Ki Seno Nugroho Lucu Pol... Pagelaran Wayang Kulit Ki Seno Nugroho lakon Bagong Kembar, Lakon yang bertalian akan ciling; acap di suaki agih para penggemar, bersandar-kan memang kayaknya Ki Seno Nugroho terlalu menjiwai terhadap sama ciling;, seakan-akan video di rujuk ini menceritakan perihal Bagong yang di Fitnah berselingkuhVideo Lucu Banget Dagelan Wayang Kulit Super Lucu Full. KampeS. 6:49:11. Wayang Kulit Lakon WAHYU NUGROHO JATI Dalang Anom Suroto. KampeS. 4:19. Tembok Sarang Burung Walet Ambruk saat Siswa Belajar Seni Wayang Kulit - Special Report 17/04. iNews. 37:14. Dagelan Wayang Kulit Lucu Banget. KampeS. 3:26:13.

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Wayang kulit

Jump to navigation Jump to search Wayang Puppet TheatreUNESCO Intangible Cultural HeritageThe Wayang Kulit performance by an Indonesian famous "dalang" (puppet pendeta) Ki Manteb Sudharsono with the story "Gathutkaca Winisuda", in Bentara Budaya Jakarta, Indonesia, on 31 July 2010CountryIndonesiaCriteriaPerforming arts, Traditional craftsmanshipReference063RegionAsia and the PacificInscription historyInscription2008 (3rd session)ListRepresentative List Wayang kulit, wayang golek, wayang klithikWayang kulitWayang kulit performance with DalangTypesIndonesian wayang formAncestor artsJavaneseOriginating cultureIndonesiaOriginating sepuluh dekadeHindu—Buddhist civilisations

Wayang kulit is a traditional form of puppet-shadow play originally found in the cultures of Java, Bali, and Lombok in Indonesia.[1] In a wayang kulit performance, the puppet figures are rear-projected on a taut linen screen with a coconut-oil (or electric) light. The inventor (shadow artist) manipulates carved leather figures between the lamp and the screen to bring the shadows to life. It's mainly about good vs evil.

Wayang kulit is one of the many different forms of wayang theatre found in Indonesia; the others include wayang beber, wayang klitik, wayang golek, wayang topeng, and wayang wong. Wayang kulit is among the best known, offering a unique combination of ritual, lesson and entertainment.

On November 7, 2003, UNESCO designated Wayang the rumah susun leather shadow puppet (wayang kulit), the rumah susun wooden puppet (wayang klitik), and the three-dimensional wooden puppet (wayang golek) theatre, sumbu a Masterpiece of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity. In return for the acknowledgment, UNESCO required Indonesians to preserve the tradition.[2]

Etymology

The term wayang is the Javanese word for "shadow"[3] or "imagination". Its equivalent in Indonesian is bayang. In modern daily Javanese and Indonesian vocabulary, wayang can refer to the puppet itself or the whole puppet theatre performance. Kulit means "skin" or "leather", the material from which the figures are carved.

History

Hinduism arrived in Indonesia from India before the Islamic and Christian sepuluh dekade. Sanskrit became the literary and court language of Java and later of Bali. Wayang kulit was later assimilated into local culture with changes to the appearance of the characters to resemble cultural norms.

When Islam began spreading in Indonesia, the display of God or gods in human form was prohibited, and thus this style of shadow play was suppressed. King Raden Patah of Demak, Java, wanted to see the wayang in its traditional form, but failed to obtain permission from Muslim religious leaders.

Religious leaders attempted to skirt the Muslim prohibition by converting the wayang golek into wayang purwa made from leather and displayed only the shadow instead of the puppets themselves.[4]

Wayang puppet figures

Gunungan in Javanese wayang kulit performance, marked the opening and the separations between scenes. The perforated wayang creates exquisite shadow.

The wayang comes in sizes from 25 cm to 75 cm. The important characters are usually represented by several puppets each. The wayang is usually made out of water buffalo hide and goat hide and mounted on bamboo sticks. However, the best wayang is typically made from young female buffalo parchment, cured for up to ten years. The carving and punching of the rawhide, which is most responsible for the character's image and the shadows that are cast, are guided by this sketch. A mallet is used to tap special tools, called tatah, to punch the holes through the rawhide. Making the wayang sticks from horn is a complicated process of sawing, heating, hand-molding, and sanding until the desired effect is achieved. When the materials are ready, the artist attaches the handle by precisely molding the ends of the horn around the individual wayang figure and securing it with thread. A large character may take months to produce.

There are important differences between the three islands where wayang kulit is played (due to local religious canon): [5][6]

In Java (where Islam is predominant), the puppets (named ringgit) are elongated, the play lasts all night and the lamp (named blencong) is, nowadays, almost always electric. A full gamelan with (pe)sinden is typically used.[7]Some Javanese Wayang Kulit Figures

Wayang Kulit (Shadow Puppet) Kumbakarna, Tropenmuseum Collectons, Indonesia, before 1914

Wayang Kulit (Shadow Puppet) Gatot Kaca, Tropenmuseum Collectons, Indonesia, before 1914

Wayang Kulit (Shadow Puppet) Wibisana, Tropenmuseum Collectons, Indonesia before 1933

Wayang Kulit (Shadow Puppet) Princess Shinta, Tropenmuseum Collectons, Indonesia before 1983

Wayang Kulit (Shadow Puppet) Yudhishthira, Tropenmuseum Collectons, Indonesia before 1914

Wayang Kulit (Shadow Puppet) Princess Tari, Tropenmuseum Collectons, Indonesia before 1934

In Bali (where Hinduism is predominant), the puppets look more real, the play lasts a few hours and, if at night, the lamp uses coconut oil. Music is mainly by the four gender wayang, with drums only if the story is from the Ramayana. There are no sinden. The penggerak does the singing. Balinese dalangs are often also priests (amangku inisiator). As such, they may also perform during daylight, for religious purposes (exorcism), without lamp and without screen (wayang sakral, or "lemah")[8]Some Balinese Wayang Kulit Figures

Wayang Kulit (Shadow Puppet) Anggada, Tropenmuseum Collectons, Indonesia, before 1900

Wayang Kulit (Shadow Puppet) Jayadrata, Tropenmuseum Collectons, Indonesia, before 1900

Wayang Kulit (Shadow Puppet) Kendran, Tropenmuseum Collectons, Indonesia, before 1900

Wayang Kulit (Shadow Puppet) Sangruda, Tropenmuseum Collectons, Indonesia, before 1900

Wayang Kulit (Shadow Puppet) Duryadana, Tropenmuseum Collectons, Indonesia, before 1900

Wayang Kulit (Shadow Puppet) Gatakaca, Tropenmuseum Collectons, Indonesia, before 1900

In Lombok (where Islam is predominant and Bali's influence is strong), vernacular wayang kulit is known sumbu wayang sasak, with puppets similar to Javanese ringgits, a small orchestra with no sinden, but flutes, metallophones and drums. The repertoire is unique to the island and is based on the Muslim Menak Cycle (the adventures of Amir Hamzah).Some Sasak Wayang Kulit Figures

Wayang Kulit (Shadow Puppet) Repatmaja, Indonesia, 2006

Wayang Kulit (Shadow Puppet) Jin Jaswadi, Indonesia, 2003

Wayang Kulit (Shadow Puppet) Selandir, Indonesia, 2003

Wayang Kulit (Shadow Puppet) Kuraisin, Indonesia, 2003

Wayang Kulit (Shadow Puppet) Umarmaya, Indonesia, 2006

Wayang Kulit (Shadow Puppet) Putri Munigarim, Indonesia, 2006

Performance

Wayang kulit played by children in Jakarta.

The stage of a wayang performance includes several components. A stretched linen canvas (kelir) acts poros a canvas, dividing the bapak (puppeteer) and the spectator. A coconut-oil lamp (Javanese blencong or Balinese damar) – which in modern times is usually replaced with electric light – casts shadows onto the screen. A banana trunk (Javanese gedebog, Balinese gedebong) lies on the ground between the screen and the inventor, where the figures are stuck to hold them in place. To the right of the pencetus sits the puppet chest, which the pendiri uses gandar a drum during the performance, hitting it with a wooden mallet. In a Javanese wayang kulit performance, the perancang may use a cymbal-like percussion instrument at his feet to cue the musicians. The musicians sit behind the penggagas in a gamelan orchestra setting. The gamelan orchestra is an integral part of the Javanese wayang kulit performance. The performance is accompanied by female singers (pesinden) and male singers (wirasuara).

Wayang kulit performance.

The setting of the banana trunk on the ground and canvas in the air symbolizes the earth and the sky; the whole composition symbolizes the entire cosmos. When the perancang animates the puppet figures and moves them across the screen, divine forces are understood to be acting in his hands with which he directs the happening. The lamp is a symbol of the sun poros well sumbu the eye of the lokomotif.[9]

A traditional wayang kulit performance begins after dark. The first of the three phases, in which the characters are introduced and the conflict is launched, lasts until midnight. The battles and intrigues of the second phase last about three hours. The third phase of reconciliation and friendship is finished at dawn.[10]

Wayang shadow plays are usually tales from the two major Hindu epics, the Ramayana and Mahabharata. The puppet mumpuni contextualizes stories from the plays, making them relevant to current community, national or global issues. Gamelan players respond to the direction of the lokomotif.

Gallery of Wayang Kulit

The puppet figures of a Javanese wayang kulit

Painting the Wayang Kulit in a Jogyakarta factory

Carving the leather in a Jogyakarta factory

In the specialized village of Sukawati, Bali

All stages of the making of a Wayang Kulit

Central Javanese Wayang Kulit

Balinese Wayang Kulit

Wayang kulit performance

See also

Wikimedia Commons has perabot related to Wayang kulit.Wayang Wayang golek Culture of Indonesia

References

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External links

"Bali & Beyond Educational Resources". www.balibeyond.com. Retrieved 2016-05-21. "Wayang Kulit - a shadow play". minyos.its.rmit.edu.au. Retrieved 2016-05-21. Shadow Music of Java, CD with thirteen-page booklet. Rounder CD 5060.vteIndonesian drama and theatre Arja Bambangan Cakil Bangsawan Barong Cakalele Gambuh Gandrung Hudoq Janger Kecak Ketoprak Komedi Stambul Lenong Ludruk Makyong Payung Ramayana Ballet Randai Reog Sanghyang Sandiwara Toneel Topeng Topeng Betawi Topeng Cirebon Wayang Wayang golek Wayang kulit Wayang Wong Authority control MBW work: 2d95fe21-a0cf-4298-9fec-39597f5ea8f4 Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Wayang_kulit&oldid=1015492521"

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